His grandparents had moved to Birkenhead on the Wirral from the West Indies in and established a successful merchant business there in which his father worked. Nevertheless, he then gained a scholarship to study at Emmanuel College, Cambridgewhere he graduated with a first-class degree. Taylor, said that Duranty met Aleister Crowley and participated in magic rituals with him during this period.
Nevertheless, he then gained a scholarship to study at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
Taylor, said that Duranty met Aleister Crowley and participated in magic rituals with him during this period. He then moved to Riga Latvia to cover events in the newly independent Baltic States. Career in Moscow, — Duranty moved to the Soviet Union in After the operation, the surgeon discovered gangrene ; and the leg was removed.
Once he had recovered, Duranty resumed his career as a journalist in the Soviet Union. It was after the advent of the First Five-Year Plan —which aimed to transform Soviet industry and agriculture, that Duranty made his mark. Inhe was granted an exclusive interview with Joseph Stalin that greatly enhanced his reputation as a journalist.
Duranty was to remain in Moscow for twelve years, settling in the United States in Thereafter, he remained on retainer for The New York Timeswhich required him to spend several months a year in Moscow.
Views on the Soviet Union, and after In the series of reports for which he received the Pulitzer Prize for CorrespondenceDuranty argued that the Russian people were " Asiatic " in thought: Individuality and private enterprise were alien concepts to the Russian people, which only led to social disruption and were unacceptable to them just as tyranny and Communism were unacceptable to the Western world.
Failed attempts, since the time of Peter the Greatto apply Western ideals in Russia were a form of European colonialismhe wrote, that had been finally swept away by the Revolution.
Duranty felt that Stalin scrapped the New Economic Policy because he had no political competition. Stalin succeeded in doing what Lenin could only attempt to do, i. Where Marxism theorized Stalin acts. Duranty sometimes claimed that individuals being sent to the labor camps in the Russian North, Siberia or Kazakhstan were given a choice between rejoining Soviet society or becoming underprivileged outsiders.
However, he also said that, for those who could not accept the system, "the final fate of such enemies is death". Though describing the system as cruel, he said he has "no brief for or against it, nor any purpose save to try to tell the truth".
He ends the article with the claim that the brutal collectivization campaign was motivated by the "hope or promise of a subsequent raising up" of Asian-minded masses in the Soviet Union which only history could judge.
Rather than just repeating the Stalinist viewpoint, Duranty often admitted the brutality of the Stalinist system then proceeded to both explain and defend why dictatorship or brutality were necessary.
Of course, Stalin was not Russianbut Georgianwith distant Ossetian ancestry—his paternal great-grandfather was an Ossetian  —a fact that he himself downplayed during his lifetime. InStalin rewarded this praise and appreciation by saying that Duranty tried "to tell the truth about our country".
The "diplomatic duel" was a reference to the arrest of engineers from the Metropolitan-Vickers company who were working in the USSR.
Accused with Soviet citizens of "wrecking" sabotaging the plant they were building, they were the subjects of one in a series of show trials presided over by Vyshinsky  during the First Five Year Plan.
Any report of a famine in Russia is today an exaggeration or malignant propaganda. The food shortage, however, which has affected the whole population in the last year and particularly in the grain-producing provinces—the Ukraine, North Caucasus [i.
Kuban Region], and the Lower Volga —has, however, caused heavy loss of life. Duranty concluded "it is conservative to suppose" that, in certain provinces with a total population of over 40 million, mortality had "at least trebled.
The Nation then described his reporting as "the most enlightened, dispassionate dispatches from a great nation in the making which appeared in any newspaper in the world.
Whereupon, Alexander Woollcott wrote, "the one really prolonged pandemonium was evoked Indeed, one quite got the impression that America, in a spasm of discernment, was recognizing both Russia and Walter Duranty.
He wrote several books on the Soviet Union after Others saw an inevitable confrontation between Fascism and Communism as requiring individuals to take one side or the other.
Daviesformer U. Ambassador to the Soviet Union —38wrote positively about "Russia and its people in their gallant struggle to preserve the peace until ruthless aggression made war inevitable". In the same book he referred to Stalin as a "decent and clean-living" man and "a great leader.
Some drew a contrast with the capitalist world, sinking under the weight of the Great Depression ; others wrote out of a true belief in Communism; some acted out of fear of being expelled from Moscowwhich would result in a loss of livelihood.
At home many of their editors found it hard to believe a State would deliberately starve millions of its own people. In he privately reported to the British embassy in Moscow that as many as 10 million people may have died, directly or indirectly, from famine in the Soviet Union in the previous year.
Conquest believed Duranty was being blackmailed over his sexual proclivities. In a press release of 21 Novemberhe stated that with regard to the 13 articles by Duranty from submitted for the award "there was not clear and convincing evidence of deliberate deception, the relevant standard in this case.TO regardbouddhiste.com AS I PLEASE.R.P.A.
Chapter Twenty I WRITE AS I PLEASE.E. a grim picture or rather a series of colored "stills. One of the cleverest officers in the Intelligence Department at French headquarters told me.
the Parizer genius next produced tragedy. The title of the book was the scarily appropriate, “I Write As I Please.” In this classic of willful blindness, the presumably objective journalist sheds his usual cynicism only to show his.
Crowley called Walter Duranty "my old friend" and quoted from Duranty's book "I Write as I Please" in his book Magick Without Tears.
 During the Great War, . The title of the book was the scarily appropriate, I Write As I Please.
In this classic of willful blindness, the presumably objective journalist sheds his usual cynicism only to . Extra rewards were available to those, like Walter Duranty, who played the game particularly well. Duranty was The New York Times correspondent in Moscow from until , a role that, for a.
Its an amaturish book report on Duranty's "I write as I please" which was written by Durranty around 15 years after the events in question. If anyone wants to improve the article, you have to get Durranty's own books, read them and then cross-check them with other sources because he often gets things wrong.