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Datta Delhi, May 11, The revolt of has been seen essentially as a military rebellion, which was produced by the British follies of political ineptitude. Some scholars have interpreted the revolt as a Muslim conspiracy exploiting Hindu grievances.
Politically, the revolt has been viewed as the last desperate effort of conservative India to protect its traditional institutions from the impending threat of modernity.
I think that the revolt of marked a turning point in the history of India. It was the heralding of a new age. It laid the foundation of Indian nationalism. It acted as a great inspiration to our countrymen, who felt inspired by the example set by the rebels who had died fighting the British despite the heavy odds against them.
The revolt brought many changes in the British system of governance in the country. The immediate result of the revolt was the extinction of Mughal rule; and the end of the East India Company as the ruling power. The Indian army was organised on communal lines; and the artillery came under the British control.
The Bengal army that had been involved in the mutiny disappeared, and the army was unified under a single Commander-in-Chief. The revolt brought to an end the progress of social and material advancement, which Lord William Bentinck and Lord Dalhousie had initiated.
General view of Delhi injust before the Mutiny. The Jama Masjid is in the Centre. Sketch by Prince Alexis Soltykoff in The Illustrated Times The mutiny proved calamitous in the sense that it led to racial and religious chauvinism.
The bitter memories of sowed the seeds of mutual distrust and resentment among the British and Indians, and estranged their relations. The revolt exposed to Indians the oppressive and exploitative nature of British rule, and warned the British of the precariousness of their dominion.
The British showered immense benefits on the princes and the landed gentry for their loyalty and support during the crisis. The princes began to play the British game, and acted as a bulwark against the rising tide of Indian nationalism. Enormous literature has appeared on the revolt of Sir John William Kaye and Col.
Malleson published the first authoritative historical work entitled "History of the Sepoy War" in six volumes Kaye and Malleson were the historians of the empire, who attributed the British success over the rebels to the British character of muscularity.
Kaye also emphasised that the economic factor played a crucial role in causing unrest among the peasantry in Oudh, which P. Joshi and Erick Stokes developed later in their studies.
Savarkar, a firebrand revolutionary, published his book "The Indian War of Independence" in which the British authorities banned immediately. Savarkar glorified the heroism of Indian rebels, who had died fighting for the love of their country. In his writings and speeches Jawaharlal Nehru maintained that the revolt of was a feudal outburst headed by feudal chiefs, and their followers and aided by others.
He did not deny the popular character of the revolt, though he did not call it national, the expression which Karl Marx and the British conservative leader Benjamin Disraeli used. Majumdar, in his study "The Sepoy Mutiny and the Revolt of " proclaimed with a rhetorical flourish that the revolt of was neither national, nor war nor of independence.
Surrendra Nath Sen, a reputed historian, was commissioned by the Government of India to write a book on the revolt. His book entitled "Eighteen Fifty Seven" was released in to mark the centenary celebrations of the revolt.
Sen came to the conclusion that originally the army revolted but later in Oudh, the revolt assumed some form of a national dimension in a restricted manner. Joshi to publish his "Rebellion in " By using the Marxist methodology Joshi makes too much of the role the Indian peasantry played in the rebellion.
It would be clear from the foregoing account that there is a complete disagreement among historians and writers on the character of the revolt of The question boils down to whether the revolt was national, feudal or local or a combination of these elements in varying degrees.
I think this historiographical confusion has risen due to the use of the Western concept of "national" and "nationalism". If national revolt means, as it does in a looser sense, a rebellion of a subjected people against its foreign exploitative rulers, then the Indian revolt qualifies itself to be called a national one.
But if a national revolt means the revolt of a politically organised community of a whole country sharing a common identity and fighting jointly against the ruling power, then the revolt of is not national.
History is a serious business. It has no heroes or darlings.riverrun - the course which a river shapes and follows through the landscape..
Adam and Eve's - old Franciscan church in Dublin (on the south quays of river Liffey).. swerve - an act of swerving, turning aside, or deviating from a course + swerve of shore bend of bay → curving shoreline of Dublin Bay, seen from two different points of view: that of the native on the shore and that of the.
PEERAGE: Last updated 17/01/ Date: Rank: Order: Name: Born: Died Age NAAS: 1 Aug B[I] 1: John Bourke: c 2 Dec Created Baron Naas . The Indian Rebellion of was a major uprising in India during –58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
The event is known by many names, including the Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Revolt of , the Indian Insurrection, and India's First War of Independence. Dec 05, · The rebellion or the war for independence had diverse political, economic, military, religious,and social causes.
The sepoys (the native Indian soldiers) had their own list of grievances against the Company rule, in part caused by the cultural Status: Resolved. Located at the confluence (sangam) of two sacred rivers, the Ganges and Yamuna, as well as the mythical Saraswati River, Allahabad, or the "city of God," is one of India’s most holy and historic.
The civil war was a major turning point in the history of modern India. In May , the British exiled Emperor Bahadur Shah II (r. ) to Burma, thus formally liquidating the Mughal Empire. At the same time, they abolished the British East India Company and replaced it .