The Marxist—Leninist state is a one-party state wherein the communist party is the political vanguard who guides the proletariat and the working classes in establishing the social, economic and cultural foundations of a socialist statea stage of historical development enroute to a communist society. That emancipation from poverty material necessity would maximise individual liberty by enabling men and women to pursue their interests and innate talents artisticintellectual and so on whilst working by choice without the economic coercion of poverty.
Associates and followers of Leon Trotsky were organised in the Left Opposition within the Communist parties before they were purged in the Moscow Trials in the s.
Trotskyist differ from most other ideological manifestations on the "anti-Stalinist left" in that they, like Marxist-Leninists, also claim to be Leninists.
Subsequently, his followers formed the Fourth International in opposition to the Stalinist Third International. Trotsky saw the Stalinist states as deformed workers' statewhere a political structure gave most workers very little power in decision making.
Jamesand Raya Dunayevskaya. Left communists such as Sylvia Pankhurst and Rosa Luxemburg were among the first left-wing critics of Bolshevism.
Left communists see communism as something that can only be achieved by the proletariat itself, and not through the dictatorship of a vanguard party acting on its behalf. See also council communismMarxist humanismultra-leftluxemburgism. Anarchism[ edit ] Anarchists like Emma Goldman were initially enthusiastic about the Bolsheviks, particularly after dissemination of Vladimir Lenin 's pamphlet State and Revolutionwhich had painted Bolshevism in a libertarian light.
However, the relations between the anarchists and the Bolsheviks soured in Soviet Russia e. Anarchists and Stalinist Communists were also in armed conflict during the Spanish civil war.
Anarchists are critical of the statist, totalitarian nature of Stalinism and Marxism-Leninism in generalas well as its cult of personality around Stalin and subsequent leaders seen by anarchists as Stalinists, such as Kim Il Sung or Mao Zedong.
Democratic socialism[ edit ] A significant current of the democratic socialist movement has defined itself in opposition to Stalinism. This includes George OrwellH.
There were also a number of anti-Stalinist socialists in France, including writers such as Simone Weil  and Albert Camus  as well as the group around Marceau Pivert.
In America, the New York Intellectuals around the journals Partisan Review and Dissent saw Soviet Communism as a form of totalitarianism in some ways mirroring fascism.
In several countries parallel Communist parties were formed that either were rejected by the Comintern or distanced themselves from it.
Their criticism did in some ways become similar to positions raised by the Trotskyists, but as a tendency they were far less coherent. The Right Opposition developed contacts with other groups that did not fit into either the international Social democracy or Comintern, such as the Independent Labour Party in Britain.
This tendency largely died out at the time of the Second World War. In other cases dissident Marxist trends developed outside of the established Communist movement, such as the Anushlian Marxists in India. Titoism[ edit ] At first, the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the regime it established through the successful war of liberation against the Axis invaders by the partizans was modeled on that of Soviet Union, and Tito was considered to be " Stalin 's most faithful pupil".
The result was the Yugoslav system of socialist workers' self-managementalso known as Titoismbased on the organizing of every productive activities of society into "self-managed units".
He later grew critical of his own regime as well and became a dissident in Yugoslavia.Marxism-Leninism in Vietnam Essay Words | 3 Pages. Marxism-Leninism in Vietnam In the region of Vietnam there had been many uprisings.
All of these uprisings were for one reason, freedom. Marxism–Leninism–Maoism (M–L–M or MLM, formerly known as Marxism–Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought) is a political philosophy that builds upon Marxism–Leninism and some aspects of Mao Zedong Thought which was first formalised in by the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.
Maoism, known in China as Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛泽东思想; pinyin: Máo Zédōng sīxiǎng), is a communist political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong, whose followers are known as regardbouddhiste.comped from the s until the Deng Xiaoping reforms in the s, it was widely applied as the guiding political and military ideology of the.
This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .
Socialism The Basics. Change language/Ändra språk. Fundamental and inalienable rights Freedom of speech. The right to express your views without fear of serious repercussions (such as imprisonment or death penalty) is a fundamental and inalienable right for all people. Table of Contents.
Vic Biorseth, Tuesday, July 30, regardbouddhiste.com This webpage was inspired by comments from John of Escondido, California, whose motivating comments can be seen after the Of Lies and Liars webpage.
John recommended an "executive summary" of each webpage, which seemed at first to present a daunting task.