Jute industry in india

Dundee Jute Mill in Scotland. InJute fibre was spun mechanically in Dundee, Scotland.

Jute industry in india

India ranks first in the world in the cultivation and manufacture of jute — having maximum number of jute looms, maximum number of jute products produced, maximum export of jute products etc.

History of Jute Industry

Jute is used for the production of hessian, gunny bags, ropes, textiles, carpets, tarpaulin, bags, paper etc. Among fibres, jute is the cheapest so it is widely used and its importance is also very high.

Similar to the cotton textile industry, the jute industry earns a lot of valuable foreign exchange and lakhs of people are dependent on it for their livelihood. Millions of people earn from Jute industry in india farming and work in jute factories, trade etc.

Before, jute yarn, hessian, gunny bags etc. Afterthe jute industry started developing, especially after the two World Wars. After Independence, due to East Pakistan being separated from India, the jute industry was adversely affected, as the jute growing areas had gone to Bangladesh before called East Pakistan.

Within a few years this problem was overcome by increasing the production in West Bengal, Assam etc.

Jute industry in india

So shortage of raw jute was removed. Raw material of the jute industry: The main raw material of the jute industry is the raw jute.

Other raw materials are chemicals, wax, plenty of water etc. Distribution of the jute mills: At present, there are many jute mills operating in India and many have closed down. West Bengal has the largest number of jute mills, followed by Assam, Orissa and other states, which together. Jute mills in West Bengal: The concentration of so many jute mills in such a small area is called the Index of Concentration of the jute industry.

Jute industry in india

The development of one type of industry in a definite area and in large numbers together with the mills being very close to each other is called the concentration of that particular industry.

The concentration of so many jute mills on either side of a river for km in length and 3 km in width is not seen in any other part of the world.

Many reasons have lead to the concentration of the jute industry along the river Hugli. The jute is transported cheaply via the river Hugli. Historical reasons — Western technical know-how entered through this region.

The English were responsible for setting up jute mills in the region. Nearness to coal mines — Energy required for the jute mills was provided by coal brought via railways or roadways, easily from the Ranigunj coalfields only km away.

Later cheap electricity was available. Kolkata Port Trust — Its nearness helped the development of the jute industry as jute products were exported and machines from abroad were imported. River Hugli — The river supplied the water required in the jute mills.

The jute mills were located on either side of the river so they were well connected to jute producing areas and the Kolkata Port via the river. Developed communication system — The area is well connected to the rest of India via railway, waterways and roadways.

This is necessary for the transport of the finished jute products and raw jute as raw material. Cheap labor — The cheap labor available from West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa have helped to develop this industry. In later years, Kolkata became the main centre of trade and banking business, so the required capital for the industry was not difficult to obtain.

Importance of the Jute Industry:

These benefits have helped to set up the jute industry in the region. Jute mills at other places in India: Generally it can be said that the mills are located in these places due to local demand, local raw material, cheap labor etc.

Just after independence, there was a fall in the production of jute goods due to the lack of raw material as most jute producing areas were in Bangladesh. Within a few years jute cultivation increased in the country so its production increased also.

InIndia produced Nov 11,  · 'Compulsory jute packaging policy would be a big boost for industry' 29 Sep, , PM IST. In a chat with ET Now, Hemant Bangur, Executive Chairman of Gloster, a company dealing with jute products and jute bags says the sector could expect a boost with a significant amount of export packaging of agricultural commodities, particularly sugar shifting to jute packaging.

The jute trade is centred mainly around India and the Indian State of West regardbouddhiste.com major producing country of jute is India, due to its natural fertile soil.

Bengal Jute was taken to Europe early in the 17th century by the Dutch and the French and later by the East India Company to Britain. Production and Distribution of Jute Textiles Industry in India! This is the second important textile industry of India after cotton textile industry. This industry existed in Bengal as handloom industry but the large-scale industry started .

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After the fall of British Empire in India during , most of the Jute Barons started to evacuate India, leaving behind the industrial setup of the Jute Industry. Most of the jute mills in India were taken over by the Marwaris businessmen. Jute Textile Industry is one of the major Industries in the Eastern India, particularly in West Bengal..

Jute supports around 40 Lakh farm families and provides direct employment to Lakh Industrial Workers and Lakh in the tertiary sector. After the fall of British Empire in India during , most of the Jute Barons started to evacuate India, leaving behind the industrial setup of the Jute Industry. Most of the jute mills in India were taken over by the Marwaris businessmen.

Jute trade - Wikipedia