Herzegovina was conquered in After the fall, Serbs were subjected to various persecutions, war crimes, oppression and genocide at the hands of Muslimsincluding the infamous Devsirme system of forced assimitalion, various Sharia inequalities, including forced labor, jizyaharsh taxation and slavery.
Name of Bosnia According to the Bosniak entry in the Oxford English Dictionarythe first preserved use of "Bosniak" in English was by British diplomat and historian Paul Rycaut in as Bosnack, cognate with post-classical Latin Bosniacus or earlierFrench Bosniaque or earlier or German Bosniak or earlier.
As such, "Bosniak" is etymologically equivalent to its non-ethnic counterpart "Bosnian" which entered English around the same time via the Middle French, Bosnien: Bosniensis which denoted the people of the medieval Bosnian kingdom.
Bosnensisis originally a name defining the inhabitants of the medieval Bosnian state". Linguists have traditionally proposed the name to be derived from the eponymous river Bosna ; believed to be a pre-Slavic hydronym in origin   and possibly mentioned for the first time during the 1st century AD by Roman historian Marcus Velleius Paterculus under the name Bathinus flumen.
Busanimentioned in the Primary Chronicle and by the Geographus Bavarus in his Description of cities and lands north of the Danube. According to both Lelewel and Zeuss Buzhans settled in Bosnia. The inhabitants of Bosnia called themselves various names: In this regard, Christian Bosnians had not described themselves as either Serbs or Croats prior to the 19th century, and in particular before the Austrian occupation inwhen the current tri-ethnic reality of Bosnia and Herzegovina was configured based on religious affiliation.
Nevertheless, leaders and intellectuals of the Bosniak community may have various perceptions of what it means to be Bosniak.
Free bosnia papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your Air Force, Bosnian War, personnel recovery] Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview. The Good, the Bad, and the Milosevic Many Bosnian-Serbs felt a strong nationalistic desire to have their province joined with that of their Serb brothers across the river in Serbia. VATICAN BANK CLAIMS: Restitution & justice for concentration camp survivors of Serb, Jewish, and Ukrainian background and their relatives. Edward S. Herman’s Biography. Wade Frazier. November Note from the author. I first published this biography draft on November 4, , one week before Ed unexpectedly died. Ed asked me to do his Wikipedia biography when I wished him a happy birthday this past April.
Some may point to an Islamic heritage, while others stress the purely secular and national character of the Bosniak identity and its connection with Bosnian territory and history. Prior to this, the great majority of Bosnian Muslims had declared either Ethnically Undecided Muslim or — to a lesser extent — Undecided Yugoslav in censuses pertaining to Yugoslavia as the other available options were Serb-Muslim and Croat-Muslim.
To quote Bosnian president Hamdija Pozderac at the time: They don't permit Bosnianhood but they offer Muslimhood. Let us accept their offer, although the wrong name, but with it we shall start the process. In Septemberat the height of the Bosnian Warthe Second Bosniak Congress formed a basis for the official re-establishment of the historical ethnic name Bosniak and deprecation of the former Muslim in use during SFR Yugoslavia.
In other ex-Yugoslav countries with significant Slavic Muslim populations, adoption of the Bosniak name has been less consistent. The effects of this phenomenon can best be seen in the censuses.
For instance, the Montenegrin census recorded 48, people who registered as Bosniaks and 28, who registered as Muslim by nationality. Although Montenegro's Slavic Muslims form one ethnic community with a shared culture and history, this community is divided on whether to register as Bosniaks i.
However, such people comprise a minority even in countries such as Montenegro where it is a significant political issue while the great majority of Slavic Muslims in the former Yugoslavia have adopted the Bosniak national name.Bosnian Genocide research papers discuss the heinous incident of the Bosnia genocide that took place during the conflict between Serbia and Bosnia.
In , the Balkan Peninsula, formerly the nation of Yugoslavia, was torn by violent conflict. Bosnia-Herzegovina.
These parties are recognized as the Party of Democratic Action, the Serbian Democratic party, and the Croatian Democratic Union.
About forty-four percent of Bosnia-Herzegovina's population are Bosnian Muslims. Serbs make up about thirty-two percent, and Croats account for roughly seventeen percent.
1 According to estimates commissioned in by the National Security Council of Turkey (Milli Güvenlik Kurulu) some 2,, Turkish citizens are of Bosniak ancestry as mainly descended from Bosniak emigrants in the 19th and early 20th century.
Bosnian genocide refers to the ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Muslims in which more than 30, people were killed during the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the period from to The Serb general Ratko Mladic and several other Bosnian Serb officers have been indicted for multiple wa crimes and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal.
Area: This entry includes three subfields. Total area is the sum of all land and water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines.
Land area is the aggregate of all surfaces delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines, excluding inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
Croats as a people and a country trace their history to the medieval Kingdom of Croats.