An overview of the country of algeria

Algeria is estimated to hold the third-largest amount of shale gas resources in the world. However, gross natural gas and crude oil production have gradually declined in recent years, mainly because new production and infrastructure projects have repeatedly been delayed. Algeria is the leading natural gas producer in Africa, the second-largest natural gas supplier to Europe outside of the region, and is among the top three oil producers in Africa.

An overview of the country of algeria

Its capital city is Algiers and is located in the northern region of the country. It is the largest country in Africa and the tenth-largest in the globe. Tunisia borders Algeria to the northeast, Libya to the east, Morocco to the west, Western Saharan territory, Mali, and Mauritania to the south-west, Niger to the south-east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.

The Berbers are, however, considered to be the aboriginal occupants of Algeria. Due to the Arab conquest of North Africa, most local dwellers were Arabised, thus, although the majority of Algerians are Berber in origin, most of them identify with Arab identity.

During the classical era, Berber civilization was at a point in which trade, manufacturing, agriculture, and political organization supported a number of states.

An overview of the country of algeria

Trade relationships between the Berbers and Carthage in the villages grew, but regional extension also led to military recruitment or enslavement of a number of Berbers. The Carthaginians were able to expand and establish small villages along the North African coast.

These villages served as ports and market towns. In the early 4th century BC, the Berbers made up the single largest component of the Carthaginian army and they rebelled from to BC due to lack of payment following the defeat of the Carthage in the First Punic War.

The Carthaginian state collapsed as a result of consecutive defeats by the Romans in the Punic Wars and Carthage city was finally destroyed in BC.

As Carthaginian power diminished, the influence of the Berbers leaders grew. By the 2nd century BC, a number of big but slackly governed Berber kingdoms had been formed.

Two of the kingdoms were founded in Numidia, behind the coastal regions governed by Carthage. The high point of Berber civilization was unmatched until the arrival of the Almoravids and Almohads more than a millennium later and was reached during the reign of Massinissa in the 2nd century BC.

The Romans governed Algeria for several centuries and they established numerous colonies in the territory. Like the other regions in North Africa, Algeria was among the breadbaskets of the empire, exporting agricultural products.

The Germanic Vandals of Geiseric migrated into North Africa in and by they had control of the coastal Numidia region.

They, however, did not make any noteworthy settlement on the region since they were harassed by the native communities. In fact by the time Byzantines moved to the region, Lepsic Magna was deserted and the Msellata area was inhabited by the local Laguatan who were busy facilitating an Amazigh cultural, military, and political revival.

When the Umayyad Caliphate fell, many other local dynasties were developed. The Umayyad Caliphate was stationed in Damascus and it was in BC when the dynasty, with help from Berber converts, conquered the whole of North Africa. The Umayyads were succeeded by the Abbasids who shifted the caliphate to Baghdad.

The Rustumid imamate which was under the Abbasids governed central Maghrib from Tahirt, southwest of Algiers. The imams acquired a reputation for piety, honestly, and justice but they failed to establish a reliable army which made it easy for the Fatimid dynasty to invade the region and take over governance.

The Fatimids were, however, focused on Egypt and other Muslims lands thus leaving the governance of most of Algeria to the Zirids, a Berber dynasty. This era was faced with a lot of conflict, economic decline and political instability.

As a result, several outposts and towns in the Algerian coast were seized and occupied: Spain used these outposts to collect tributes. Ottoman Rule in Algeria The Ottomans partially ruled over Algeria for three decades from to Under the regency of Khair ad Din, Algiers became the heart of Ottoman rule in the country.

Algeria was a province of the Ottoman Empire and a normal Ottoman administration was formed and governors referred to as pasha governed the different regions. The formal language was Turkish and Berbers and Arabs were not given any government posts.

Algiers remained a section of the Ottoman Empire but the Ottoman government ceased having any effectual influence there.Algeria formally known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is an independent state located in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.

Its capital city is Algiers and is located in the northern region of the country. It is the largest country in Africa and the tenth-largest in the globe.

Among other major achievements, the country’s oil boom has enabled the authorities to clear Algeria’s debt, invest in infrastructure projects, and improve the country’s Human Development Indicators.

Algeria has made significant gains in each of the key Human Development Indicators (HDI). Destination Algeria, the country is located in Northern Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in north, Tunisia in northeast, Libya in east, Morocco in west, Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali in southwest, and by Niger in the southeast.

Provides an overview, key facts and events, a timeline and leader profile along with current news about Algeria. Algeria is the continent's biggest country, and is the world's 10th largest.

Algeria: Country Overview (source: EIA) Link to EIA article.

Destination Algeria, the country is located in Northern Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in north, Tunisia in northeast, Libya in east, Morocco in west, Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali in southwest, and by Niger in the southeast. Algeria formally known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is an independent state located in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital city is Algiers and is located in the northern region of the country. It is the largest country in Africa and the tenth-largest in the globe. Algeria is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, the African Union and OPEC.

EIA Overview. Algeria is the leading natural gas producer in Africa, the second-largest natural gas supplier to Europe, and is among the top three oil producers in Africa.

Algeria is estimated to hold the third-largest amount of . Algeria is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, the African Union and OPEC.

Algeria - Country overview