But if any harm follow — then thou shall give life for life" Ex. According to the Septuagint the term "harm" applied to the fetus and not to the woman, and a distinction is drawn between the abortion of a fetus which has not yet assumed complete shape — for which there is the monetary penalty — and the abortion of a fetus which has assumed complete shape — for which the penalty is "life for life. Geiger deduces from this the existence of an ancient law according to which contrary to talmudic halakhah the penalty for aborting a fetus of completed shape was death Ha-Mikra ve-Targumav, —1, —4. The talmudic scholars, however, maintained that the word "harm" refers to the woman and not to the fetus, since the scriptural injunction, "He that smiteth a man so that he dieth, shall surely be put to death" Ex.
Major risks and complications of abortion are described, with citations to the medical literature, below. In addition, women who carry to term are only half as likely to die as women who were not pregnant.
Comparison of deaths from natural causes excluding suicide, accidents, and violence by pregnancy outcome compared to women not pregnant in the year prior to their death.
Women who had abortions were 3. The Finland researchers found that compared to women who carried to term, women who aborted in the year prior to their deaths were 60 percent more likely to die of natural causes, seven times more likely to die of suicide, four times more likely to die of injuries related to accidents, and 14 times more likely to die from homicide.
Researchers believe the higher rate of deaths related to accidents and homicide may be linked to higher An analysis of the abortion controversy of suicidal or risk-taking behavior.
The leading causes of abortion related maternal deaths within a week of the surgery are hemorrhage, infection, embolism, anesthesia, and undiagnosed ectopic pregnancies. Legal abortion is reported as the fifth leading cause of maternal death in the United States, though in fact it is recognized that most abortion-related deaths are not officially reported as such.
The first found that the risk of death following abortion remains higher in each of the first ten years following the abortion. Women with a history of one abortion face a 2. Women with two or more abortions face a 4.
Similar elevated risks of subsequent ovarian and liver cancer have also been linked to single and multiple abortions.
The risk of uterine perforation is increased for women who have previously given birth and for those who receive general anesthesia at the time of the abortion. Significant cervical lacerations requiring sutures occur in at least one percent of first trimester abortions. Lesser lacerations, or micro fractures, which would normally not be treated may also result in long term reproductive damage.
Latent post-abortion cervical damage may result in subsequent cervical incompetence, premature delivery, and complications of labor. The risk of cervical damage is greater for teenagers, for second trimester abortions, and when practitioners fail to use laminaria for dilation of the cervix.
Abortion increases the risk of placenta previa in later pregnancies a life threatening condition for both the mother and her wanted pregnancy by seven to fifteen fold.
Abnormal development of the placenta due to uterine damage increases the risk of fetal malformation, perinatal death, and excessive bleeding during labor. Women who had one, two, or more previous induced abortions are, respectively, 1. Prior induced abortion not only increased the risk of premature delivery, it also increased the risk of delayed delivery.
Women who had one, two, or more induced abortions are, respectively, 1. Abortion is associated with cervical and uterine damage which may increase the risk of premature delivery, complications of labor and abnormal development of the placenta in later pregnancies. These reproductive complications are the leading causes of handicaps among newborns.
One of the authors, Dr. Shah reported that one prior induced abortion multiplies premature birth risk by 1. Abortion is significantly related to an increased risk of subsequent ectopic pregnancies.
Ectopic pregnancies, in turn, are life threatening and may result in reduced fertility. PID is a potentially life threatening disease which can lead to an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and reduced fertility.
It is therefore reasonable to expect that abortion providers should screen for and treat such infections prior to an abortion.
Endometritis is a post-abortion risk for all women, but especially for teenagers, who are 2. The nine most common major complications which can occur at the time of an abortion are: In general, most of the studies cited above reflect risk factors for women who undergo a single abortion.
These same studies show that women who have multiple abortions face a much greater risk of experiencing these complications.
In a survey of women researchers found that pregnancy loss, and particularly losses due to induced abortion, was significantly associated with an overall lower health.
If the partner is absent the abortion rate is six times greater. The researchers found that on average, there was an 80 percent increase in the number of doctor visits and a percent increase in doctor visits for psychosocial reasons after abortion.Ongoing Debate of Abortion For over two centuries abortion has been one of the most controversial topics debated.
Depending on how you view a fetus or when conception really begins, people’s views differ on whether it should be legal or illegal. Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo before viability.[note 1] An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is often called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced.
Printable version of this fact sheet (PDF file, 34K).
Surgical abortion is one of the safest types of medical procedures. Complications from having a first-trimester aspiration abortion are considerably less frequent and less serious than those associated with giving birth.
Kate Greasley, Lecturer in Law, University College London Kate Greasley is a Lecturer in Law at University College London. After completing her doctorate in law at New College, Oxford, she was appointed to a Junior Research Fellowship in Law at University College, Oxford, from to Abortion is defined as the artificial termination of a woman's pregnancy.
The traditional Jewish view on abortion does not fit conveniently into any of the major "camps" in the current American abortion debate - Judaism neither bans abortion completely nor does it allow indiscriminate abortion. The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion.
The sides involved in the debate are the self-described “pro-choice” and “pro-life” movements. “Pro-choice” emphasizes the right of women to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy.