A term paper on gender discrimination and conflict in africa

Could it be that some traditions, however rooted in great histories and cultures, are now trapping countries in poverty? This certainly appears to be the case when it comes to the influence of social and cultural norms on the status of women. For many people, especially in the developed world, discrimination is mostly a moral issue and must be resisted as a matter of principle.

A term paper on gender discrimination and conflict in africa

Make Education Safe for Allhighlights the need to end school-related gender-based violence SRGBV and stresses the urgency of ending this debilitating practice now.

Gender discrimination and feminism in Nigeria | Gender Hub

The phenomenon is far-reaching, affecting an estimated million boys and girls in and around schools every year according to Plan International.

Boys can be affected too. Evidence suggests girls are at greater risk for sexual violence, harassment and exploitation, perpetuated by male students and teachers. Boys are more likely to experience frequent and severe physical violence and bullying.

Conformity as an Explanation of Prejudice and Discrimination

Both girls and boys can be perpetrators of school-related gender-based violence as well. Boys are more commonly perpetrators of physical bullying, and girls more likely to use verbal or psychological forms of violence. Yet cases are not always clear cut: SRGBV prevents children, especially girls, exercising their right to a safe, inclusive and quality education Read the full paper In addition to physical and psychological trauma, SRGBV contributes to poor school performance, increased drop-out rates, and unsafe and violent school environments.

Analysis of TIMSS data found that grade 8 students in many countries scored lower in mathematics if they had reported being bullied compared with those who had not.

In Jordan, Oman, Palestine and Romania, grade 8 boys who were bullied were the least likely to reach at least a level 1 proficiency in mathematics; in Chile, Ghana and the Islamic Republic of Iran, girls subjected to bullying, on average, performed the poorest.

Conflict leaves a legacy of gender-based violence Children in conflict-affected countries are at particular risk for gender-based violence.

Moreover, the direct and indirect effects of widespread sexual violence can continue long after conflicts end. Poverty, gender inequalities and disability also interact to place girls at particular risk.

One survey of 3, primary schoolchildren aged 11—14 in Uganda found that double the amount of children with disabilities reported experiencing sexual violence at school than those without. SRGBV is a global phenomenon Although much of the research in gender-based violence is based in sub-Saharan Africa, it affects children in both developing and developed countries.

Cyberbullying is also a growing concern. Millions more children suffer physical violence at school under the guise of discipline: To understand what this means, a common, clear and internationally-agreed definition of SRGBV is needed.

A term paper on gender discrimination and conflict in africa

Research and monitoring on this issue must be strengthened and harmonised. Effective solutions will promote collaboration across multiple sectors and the involvement school leaders, teachers, parents, students and government officials.

Governments and local communities must show commitment and leadership on the issue by incorporating it into education policies and action plans. Clubs and associations can empower girls and encourage them to challenge inequalities and different forms of gender discrimination. Our newly branded Global Education Monitoring Report GEM Report out next fall will aim to identify which underlying mechanisms influence gender equality in education in particular, and how these can be addressed.

It will also describe education settings that create gender- responsive school environments; promote gender-empowering knowledge, attitudes and transferable skills; address discrimination and gender-based violence; and contribute to healthy life choices, including sexual and reproductive health.


The GEM Report seeks to disentangle the complex links among policies, practices and processes in formal and non-formal education that influence progress towards gender equality. As this blog makes clear, SRGBV is a complex and multi-faceted issue, encompassing many types of violent acts that can occur within, around and on the way to and from school.For this reason, it is argued that a new mechanism of transitional justice, one which incorporates a peacebuilding process, would better address the needs of a post-conflict society.

This would be done by focusing on transformation and promoting a long-term sustainable peace. Yet, in Middle Eastern countries, gender discrimination is often so deeply entrenched in the culture that it is seen as the norm.


In the Freedom House report on Middle Eastern women’s rights, Saudi Arabia was ranked the lowest (Doumato, ). The Ministry of Social Welfare, Gender and Children’s Affairs (MSWGCA) commissioned a Mid-term evaluation of the National Gender Strategic Plan (NGSP) to with support from United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of .

Free Gender Discrimination papers, essays, and research papers. The Livelihoods and Chronic Conflict Working Paper Series over some 30 years in Africa, the Middle East and Asia has focused on the study of social change discrimination and lack of social justice and democracy – for widespread discontent, and ultimately.

Research suggests that gender, racial, ethnic, sexual, and class identities are fluid, multidimensional, personalized social constructions that reflect the individual’s current context and sociohistorical cohort.

Africa | The Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights